To learn more about the teachings, consult the great uberpedia, Wikipedia.
A short background:
• The Universe was created by a Flying Spaghetti Monster. (Images depicting the creation of the universe typically show the Monster, a tree-covered mountain, and a midgit (sic)).
• All evidence pointing towards evolution was intentionally planted by this being.
• Global warming, earthquakes, hurricanes, and other natural disasters are a direct consequence of the decline in numbers of pirates since the 1800s.
• Bobby Henderson is the "prophet" of this religion.